Helpful Links

EU

Freedom of movement  

Among the four freedoms in the EU, is the freedom of movement for workers, which is a fundamental principle of the treaty presented in Article 45 of the Treaty on the Functioning of the European Union. Through this article, the EU has attempted promoting free movement across the borders of the EU.

http://www.europarl.europa.eu/factsheets/en/sheet/41/free-movement-of-workers

The freedom of movement for workers gives all EU citizens the right to move freely in any given EU member country allowing each EU citizen to practice their profession easily in all EU member states. The freedom of movement for workers includes:

(1) the right to movement of residence

(2) the right to entry and residence for family members and

(3) the right to work in all EU member states. Thus, any EU citizen is allowed to seek employment in another member state on the same terms as the national workers. Furthermore, the foreign worker is permitted to receive the same form and amount of assistance from the national employment office like the national workers, indicating that the EU workers migrating to the host country, cannot be treated differently than the national workers. Additionally, the workers should be allowed to stay in the host country for a period long enough to look for a job and be recruited. Thus, when EU citizens are granted permanent residence, they do not have to meet conditions such as sufficient financial means since they can just rely on social assistance in the host member state. Apart from these rights, EU citizens can stay in another member state three months without any formalities. However, if they manage to prove to have enough resources and not being a burden for the society, they are allowed to stay longer. Nevertheless, if the stay lasts longer than the three months, they should register to the officials.

During employment, the EU workers in the host member states cannot be treated differently from the national workers as a result of their nationality during recruitment, dismissal, occupational training and remuneration. Furthermore, they are to have the same social and tax benefits, access to housing and equal treatment regarding exercising trade union rights as the inhabitants in the country. When laid down from work, EU citizens have the right to remain in the host member state for a period of six months while seeking employment.

European Migration Policy

The European Commission’s agenda on migration.

https://ec.europa.eu/commission/priorities/migration_en

European Migration Forum

The European Migration Forum is a platform for dialogue between civil society and the European institutions, on issues relating to migration, asylum and the integration of third-country nationals. It brings together, at least once a year, representatives of civil society organisations, local and regional authorities, Member States and EU institutions.

https://www.eesc.europa.eu/en/sections-other-bodies/other/european-migration-forum

COUNTRIES

Austria
Public Authorities

Public Employment Service:
AMS – Arbeitsmarktservice Österreich
Public Employment Service Austria (AMS)
https://www.ams.at/

Österreichische Sozialversicherung
https://www.sozialversicherung.at/cdscontent/?contentid=10007.741910&viewmode=content

Laison Office for Posted Workers:
Bundesministerium für Arbeit, Soziales und Konsumentenschutz
http://www.postingofworkers.at/cms/Z04/Z04_0/home

Organisation

Österreichischer Gewerkschaftsbund
Austrian Trade Union Federation
https://www.oegb.at/cms/S06/S06_0/home

Belgium
Public Authorities

Public Employment Service:

Flemish Region
VDAB – Vlaamse Dienst voor Arbeidsbemiddeling
https://www.vdab.be/

Walloon Region
FOREM – l’Office wallon de la formation professionnelle et de l’emploi
https://www.leforem.be/

German Community
ADG – Arbeitsamt der Deutschsprachigen Gemeinschaft
Public employment services
http://www.adg.be/

Brussels-Capital Region
ACTIRIS – Office Régional Bruxellois de l’Emploi
Brusselse Gewestelijke Dienst voor Arbeidsbemiddeling
http://www.actiris.be/tabid/173/language/nl-BE/Over-Actiris.aspx

Laison Office for Posted Workers:
SPF Emploi, Travail et Concertation sociale Direction générale des Relations individuelles du Travail Division de la réglementation des relations individuelles du travail

FOD Werkgelegenheid, Arbeid en Sociaal Overleg Algemene Directie van de Individuele Arbeidsbetrekkingen Afdeling van de reglementering van de individuele arbeidsbetrekkingen
http://www.employment.belgium.be/defaultTab.aspx?id=6540

Organisations

Algemeen Belgisch Vakverbond / Fédération Générale du Travail de Belgique
General Labour Federation of Belgium
http://www.fgtb.be/

Algemeen Christelijk Vakverbond / Confédération des Syndicats Chrétiens
Confederation of Christian Trade Unions
http://www.acv-csc.be/

Centrale Générale des Syndicats Libéraux de Belgique
General Confederation of Liberal Trade Unions of Belgium
https://www.aclvb.be/nl

Bulgaria
Public Authorities

Laison Office for Posted Workers:
Liaison office on behalf of the General Labour Inspectorate

EA “Labor Inspectorate”.
Contacts:
Adress: София, бул. „Княз Ал. Дондуков“ № 3;
Tel.:  +359 2 810 1747; +359 2 810 1745
Website: http://www.gli.government.bg/en/

Organisations

Confederation of Labor “PODKREPA”
http://podkrepa.org

Confederation of Independent Trade Unions of Bulgaria
http://www.knsb-bg.org/

 

Croatia
Public Authorities

Public Employment Service:
HZZ – Hrvatski zavod za zapošljavanje
Croatian employment service
http://www.hzz.hr/

Laison Office for Posted Workers:
Ministarstvo rada i mirovinskoga sustava
Ministry of Labour and Pension System
http://www.mrms.hr/posting/

Organisations

Saveza Samotalnih Sindicata Hrvatske
Union of Autonomous Trade Unions of Croatia
http://www.sssh.hr/hr/

Nezavisni Hrvatski Sindicati
Independent Trade Unions of Croatia
http://www.nhs.hr/

Cyprus
Public Authorities

Department of Labou http://www.mlsi.gov.cy/mlsi/dl/dl.nsf/index_en/index_en?OpenDocument

Organisations

Synomospondia Ergaton Kyprou
Cyprus Workers’ Confederation
http://www.sek.org.cy/

Kibris Türk Isci Sendikalari Federasyonu
The Democratic Labour Federation of Cyprus
TURK-SEN Turkish Workers’ Trade Union Federation
http://www.deok.org.cy/el/

 

Czech Republic
Public Authorities

Ministery of Industry and Trade
https://www.mpo.cz/hledani.html

Public Employment Service:
Správa služeb zaměstnanosti & Ministerstvo práce a sociálních věcí
Ministry of Labor and Social Affairs
https://www.mpsv.cz/cs/

Organisations

Czech Moravian Confederation of Trade Unions
https://www.cmkos.cz/

 

Denmark
Public Authorities

Public Employment Service:

Styrelsen for Arbejdsmarked og Rekruttering
Danish Agency for Labour Market and Recruitment
https://www.star.dk/

Laison Office for Posted Workers:

The Danish Working Environment Authority (arbejdstilsynet) https://arbejdstilsynet.dk/da/, who contributes to the creation of safe and sound working conditions at Danish workplaces.

The Danish Business Authority (erhvervsstyrelsen), https://erhvervsstyrelsen.dk/ endeavors to create the best conditions for growth in Europe, and to make it easy and attractive to run a business in Denmark.

Organisations

3F
https://www.3f.dk

Akademikernes Centralorganisation
Danish Confederation of Professional Associations
http://www.ac.dk/

Fagbevægelsens Hovedorganisation
Danish Confederation of Trade Unions
https://lo.dk/

Estonia
Public Authorities

Public Employment Service:
Eesti Töötukassa
Estonian Unemployment Insurance Fund
https://www.tootukassa.ee/

Laison Office for Posted Workers:
Tööinspektsioon/Labour Inspectorate
http://ti.ee/en/

Organisations

Eesti Ametiühingute Keskliit
Association of Estonian Trade Unions
http://www.eakl.ee/

Teenistujate Ametiliitude Organisatsioon
Estonian Employees’ Unions’ Association
http://www.talo.ee/

Finland
Public Authorities

Public Employment Service:
Työ- ja elinkeinotoimistot / Arbets- och näringsbyråerna
Economic Development Offices
http://www.te-palvelut.fi/te/en/index.html

Laison Office for Posted Workers:
The Regional State Administrative Agency for Southwestern Finland
Division of Occupational Safety and Health
https://www.tyosuojelu.fi/home

Organisations

Akava Confederation of Unions for Professional and Managerial Staff in Finland
https://www.akava.fi/

Suomen Ammattiliittojen Keskusjärjestö
Central Organisation of Finnish Trade Unions
https://www.sak.fi/

Toimihenkilökeskusjärjestöry
Finnish Confederation of Professionals
https://www.sttk.fi/

France
Public Authorities

Public Employment Service:
Pôle Emploi
https://www.pole-emploi.fr/accueil/

Laison Office for Posted Workers:
Direction Générale du Travail
Groupe national de veille, d’appui et de contrôle
https://travail-emploi.gouv.fr/

Organisations

Confédération Française Démocratique du Travail
French Democratic Confederation of Labour
https://www.cfdt.fr/

Confédération Française des Travailleurs Chrétiens
French Confederation of Christian Workers
https://www.cftc.fr/

Confédération Générale du Travail
General Confederation of Labour
http://www.cgt.fr/

Confédération Générale du Travail – Force Ouvrière
General Confederation of Labour – Workers’ Power
https://www.force-ouvriere.fr/?lang=fr

Union Nationale des Syndicats Autonomes
National Union of Autonomous Trade Unions
https://www.unsa.org/

Germany
Public Authorities

Public Employment Service:
BA – Bundesagentur für Arbeit
Federal Employment Agency
https://www.arbeitsagentur.de/

Laison Office for Posted Workers:
Generalzolldirektion Direktion VII
Finanzkontrolle Schwarzarbeit
http://www.zoll.de/DE/Unternehmen/Arbeit/Arbeitgeber-mit-Sitz-ausserhalb-Deutschlands/arbeitgeber-mit-sitz-ausserhalb-deutschlands_node.html

Organisations

Deutscher Gewerkschaftsbund Bundesvorstand
German Confederation of Trade Unions
http://www.dgb.de/

Greece
Public Authorities

Public Employment Service:
ΟΑΕΔ(Οργανισμός Απασχόλησης Εργατικού Δυναμικού)
Manpower Employment Organisation
http://www.oaed.gr/

Laison Office for Posted Workers:
Ministry of Labor, Social Security and Social Solidarity
Directorate General of Labor and Labor Market Integration
Directorate of Health & Safety at Work
Directorate of Terms of Work, Individual Labor Contract and Collective Organization Section
http://www.ypakp.gr/

Organisations

Anotati Diikisis Enoseon Dimosion Ypallilon
Confederation of Greek Civil Servants’ Trade Unions
http://adedy.gr/

Geniki Synomospondia Ergaton Ellados
Greek General Confederation of Labour
https://gsee.gr/

Hungary
Public Authorities

Public Employment Service:
Nemzeti Foglalkoztatási Szolgálat
National Employment Service
https://www.munka.hu/Lapok/Nyitooldal.aspx
https://eu.munka.hu/

Laison Office for Posted Workers:
Nemzetgazdasági Minisztérium
Munkafelügyelet ; Foglalkoztatás-felügyelet
Hungarian Labour Inspectorate
Ministry for National Economy
http://www.ommf.gov.hu/index.html?akt_menu=1&set_lang=1

Organisations

Democratic League of Independent Trade Unions
http://www.liganet.hu/

National Federation of Workers’ Councils
https://munkastanacsok.hu/

Hungarian Trade Union Confederation
http://szakszervezet.net/en/

Szakszervezetek Egyuttmukodesi Foruma
Forum for the Co-operation of Trade Unions
https://szef.hu/

Értelmiségi Szakszervezeti Tömörülés
Confederation of Unions of Professionals
https://www.eszt.hu/

Iceland
Public Authorities

Public Employment Service:
Directorate of Labour
https://vinnumalastofnun.is/en

Laison Office for Posted Workers:
Ministry of Welfare
https://www.government.is/ministries/ministry-of-welfare/

Organisations

Althydusamband Islands
Icelandic Confederation of Labour
https://www.asi.is/

The Iceland Confederation of Academics
https://www.bhm.is/

Bandalag Starfsmanna Rikis of Baeja
Confederation of State and Municipal Employees
https://www.bsrb.is

Ireland
Public Authorities

Public Employment Service:
Department of Social Protection
http://www.welfare.ie/en/Pages/home.aspx

Laison Office for Posted Workers:
Workplace Relations Customers Service Unit
https://www.workplacerelations.ie/en/

Workplace Contact Unit
Health and Safety Authority
https://www.hsa.ie/eng/

Organisations

Irish Congress of Trade Unions
https://www.ictu.ie/

Italy
Public Authorities

Public Employment Service:
Agenzia Nazionale Politiche Attive Lavoro (ANPAL)
National Agency for Active Labour Policies
http://www.anpal.gov.it/Cittadini/Pagine/Cittadini.aspx

Laison Office for Posted Workers:
Ministero del Lavoro e delle Politiche Sociali
Direzione Generale per le Politiche dei Servizi per il Lavoro
https://www.cliclavoro.gov.it/Pagine/default.aspx

Organisations

Confederazione Generale Italiana del Lavoro
Italian General Confederation of Labour
http://www.cgil.it/

Confederazione Italiana Sindacati Lavoratori
Italian Confederation of Workers’ Trade Unions
https://www.cisl.it/

Unione Italiana del Lavoro
Italian Union of Labour
http://www.uil.it/

Latvia
Public Authorities

Public Employment Service:
Nodarbinātības valsts aģentūra
State Employment Agency
http://www.nva.gov.lv/

Laison Office for Posted Workers:
State Labour Inspectorate
http://www.vdi.lv/en/

Organisations

Ministry of Welfare:
http://www.lm.gov.lv/eng/index.php?option=com_content&view=article&id=83473

Latvijas Brivo Arodbiedrìbu Savieníba
Union of Independent Trade Unions of Latvia
http://www.lbas.lv/

Liechtenstein
Public Authorities

Public Employment Service:
Amt für Volkswirtshaft, Abteilung Arbeit
https://www.llv.li/#/12481/amt-fur-volkswirtschaft

Organisations

Liechtensteinischer ArbeitnehmerInnenverband
Liechtenstein Federation of Employees
https://www.lanv.li/

Lithuania
Public Authorities

Public Employment Service:

Lietuvos darbo birža
Lithuanian Labour Exchange
http://www.ldb.lt/en/Information/Pages/default.aspx

Laison Office for Posted Workers:
State Labour Inspectorate
https://www.vdi.lt/Forms/Tema.aspx?Tema_ID=50

Organisations

Lietuvos Darbo Federacija
Lithuanian Labour Federation
http://www.ldf.lt/

Lietuvos Profesiniu Sajungu Konfederacija
Lithuanian Trade Union Confederation
http://www.lpsk.lt/en/

Luxembourg
Public Authorities

Public Employment Service:

ADEM – Administration de l’Emploi
http://adem.public.lu/fr/index.html

Laison Office for Posted Workers:
Inspection du travail et des mines
http://www.itm.lu/home.html

Organisations

Confédération Générale du Travail de Luxembourg
General Confederation of Labour of Luxembourg
http://www.ogbl.lu/

Lëtzebuerger Chrëschtleche Gewerkschafts-Bond
Luxembourg Christian Trade Union Confederation
https://lcgb.lu/

Malta
Public Authorities

Public Employment Service:

Korporazzjoni ghax- Xoghol u t- Tahrig
Employment & Training Corporation

https://jobsplus.gov.mt/

Laison Office for Posted Workers:

Department of Industrial and Employment Relations

https://dier.gov.mt/en/Pages/home.aspx

Organisations

General Workers’ Union

https://www.gwu.org.mt/

Netherlands
Public Authorities

Public Employment Service:
UWV WERKbedrijf – Uitvoeringsinstituut Werknemersverzekeringen

https://www.uwv.nl/particulieren/index.aspx

Laison Office for Posted Workers:

Inspectorate SZW

https://www.inspectorateszw.nl/

Section Information to the public
Ministry of Social Affairs and Employment

https://www.government.nl/ministries/ministry-of-social-affairs-and-employment

Organisations

Christelijk Nationaal Vakverbond

National Federation of Christian Trade Unions

https://www.cnv.nl/

Federatie Nederlandse Vakbeweging

Netherlands Trade Union Confederation

https://www.fnv.nl/

Vakcentrale voor Professionals

Trade union federation for Professionals

https://www.vcp.nl/

Norway
Public Authorities

Public Employment Service:
NAV Internasjonalt – kontorinformasjon

https://www.nav.no/no/NAV+og+samfunn/Kontakt+NAV/Kontakt+oss/Kontorer/nav-internasjonalt;cmsnavno_JSESSIONID=cWFsiZXi6OsGTs38s22YLSw7

Laison Office for Posted Workers:

Arbeidstilsynet / Labour Inspection Authority

https://www.arbeidstilsynet.no/en/

Organisations

Landsorganisasjonen i Norge

Norwegian Confederation of Trade Unions

https://www.lo.no/

Yrkesorganisasjonenes Sentralforbund

Confederation of Vocational Trade Unions

http://ys.no/

The Confederation of Unions for the Professionals

https://www.unio.no/no

Poland
Public Authorities

Public Employment Service:
Ministerstwo Pracy i Polityki Społecznej
Ministry of Labour and Social Policy

https://www.mpips.gov.pl/

Serwis informacyjny urzędów pracy
Labour Offices Information Service

http://psz.praca.gov.pl//

Krajowy Rejestr Agencji Zatrudnienia
National Employment Agencies Register

http://stor.praca.gov.pl/portal/#/stronaGlowna

Laison Office for Posted Workers:

Państwowa Inspekcja Pracy

https://www.pip.gov.pl/pl/informacje-dla-obcokrajowcow/2538,informacje-dla-obcokrajowcow.html

Organisations

Public Employment Service:
Ministerstwo Pracy i Polityki Społecznej
Ministry of Labour and Social Policy

https://www.mpips.gov.pl/

Serwis informacyjny urzędów pracy
Labour Offices Information Service

http://psz.praca.gov.pl//

Krajowy Rejestr Agencji Zatrudnienia
National Employment Agencies Register

http://stor.praca.gov.pl/portal/#/stronaGlowna

Laison Office for Posted Workers:

Państwowa Inspekcja Pracy

https://www.pip.gov.pl/pl/informacje-dla-obcokrajowcow/2538,informacje-dla-obcokrajowcow.html

Portugal
Public Authorities

Public Employment Service:

IEFP – Instituto do Emprego e Formação Profissional
Institute for Employment and Vocational Training

https://www.iefp.pt/

Bolsa de Emprego Público
Public Employment Exchange
Direcção-Geral da Administração e do Emprego Público

https://www.bep.gov.pt/default.aspx

Laison Office for Posted Workers:

Autoridade para as Condições do Trabalho (ACT)

http://www.act.gov.pt/(pt-PT)/Paginas/default.aspx

Instituto da Segurança Social, I.P

http://www.seg-social.pt/iss-ip-instituto-da-seguranca-social-ip

Organisations

Confederação Geral dos Trabalhadores Portugueses

General Confederation of Portuguese Workers

http://www.cgtp.pt/

União Geral de Trabalhadores

General Workers’ Union – Portugal

https://www.ugt.pt/

Romania
Public Authorities

Public Employment Service:

Agentia Nationala Pentru Ocuparea Fortei De Munca
(ANOFM)

https://www.anofm.ro/

Organisations

The National Trade Unions Block

https://bns.ro/

Confederatia Nationalã Sindicalã

National Trade Union Confederation – Cartel ALFA

https://www.cartel-alfa.ro/

National Confederation of Free Trade Unions of Romania – FRATIA
CSDR Democratic Trade Union Confederation of Romania

http://www.cnslr-fratia.ro/

Slovakia

Public Authorities

Public Employment Service:

Central Office of Labour, Social Affairs and Family

Špitálska ulica č. 8

812 67, Bratislava

https://www.upsvr.gov.sk/

https://www.upsvr.gov.sk/sluzby-zamestnanosti/zamestnavanie-cudzincov.html?page_id=272197

Ministry of Labour, Social Affairs and Family of the Slovak Republic
Špitálska 4, 6, 8

816 43 Bratislava

tel.: 02/ 2046 0000

https://www.employment.gov.sk/en/contact-us/

https://www.employment.gov.sk/en/integration-foreigners-slovakia/living-conditions-foreigners/

Laison Office for Posted Workers:

National Labour Inspectorate

Masarykova 10

040 01, Košice

https://www.ip.gov.sk/contact/

https://www.ip.gov.sk/vysielanie-zamestnancov/?ip=nip

Organisations

REPUBLIKOVÁ ÚNIA ZAMESTNÁVATEĽOV

Digital Park III

Einsteinova 19

851 01 Bratislava

https://www.ruzsr.sk

Confederation of Trade Unions of the Slovak Republic
Kancelária KOZ SR,
Odborárske námestie 3,
815 70 Bratislava
http://kozsr.sk

Slovenia

Public Authorities

Public Employment Service:

Zavod Republike Slovenije za zaposlovanje
Employment Service of Slovenia

https://www.ess.gov.si/

Laison Office for Posted Workers:

Ministry of Labour, Family and Social Affairs and Equal Opportunities

http://www.mddsz.gov.si/en/areas_of_work/labour_market_and_employment/labour_migration/prost_pretok/

Organisations

Zveza Svobodnih Sindikatov Slovenije

Slovenian Association of Free Trade Unions

https://www.zsss.si/

Spain

Public Authorities

Public Employment Service:

Servicio Público de Empleo Estatal

http://www.sepe.es/

Laison Office for Posted Workers:

Dirección General de Empleo
Subdirección General de Ordenación Normativa

http://www.mitramiss.gob.es/es/organizacion/empleo/contenido/OM26.htm

Organisations

Confederación Sindical de Comisiones Obreras

Trade Union Confederation of Workers’ Commissions

http://www.ccoo.es/

Solidaridad de Trabajadores Vascos Eusko Langileen Alkartasuna

Basque Workers’ Union

http://www.ela-sindikatua.org/

Union General de Trabajadores

General Workers’ Union – Spain

http://www.ugt.es/

Union Sindical Obrera

Workers’ Union – Spain

http://www.uso.es/

Sweden

Public Authorities

Public Employment Service:

Arbetsförmedlingen
Swedish Public Employment Service

https://www.arbetsformedlingen.se/

Laison Office for Posted Workers:

Arbetsmiljöverket
Swedish Work Environment Authority

https://www.av.se/en/

Organisations

Landsorganisationen i Sverige

Swedish Trade Union Confederation

http://www.lo.se/

Sveriges Akademikers Centralorganisation

Swedish Confederation of Professional Associations

https://www.saco.se/

Tjänstemännens Centralorganisation

Swedish Confederation of Professional Employees

https://www.tco.se/

Switzerland

Public Authorities

Public Employment Service:

State Secretariat for Economic Affairs SECO

https://www.seco.admin.ch/seco/de/home/Arbeit.html

Organisations

Organisation faîtière des travailleurs. Dachorganisation
der Arbeitnehmenden

http://www.travailsuisse.ch/

Schweizerischer Gewerkschaftsbund/Union Syndicale Suisse/Unione Sindacale Svizzera

Swiss Trade Union Confederation

https://www.sgb.ch/aktuell/

United Kingdom

Public Authorities

Public Employment Service:

Jobcentre Plus Offices

https://www.gov.uk/

Department for Employment & Learning (DEL) Northern Ireland

https://www.gov.uk/government/organisations/department-for-work-pensions

Laison Office for Posted Workers:

Posted Workers National Liaison Office
Department for Business and Skills

https://www.gov.uk/working-abroad/posted-workers

Organisations

Trades Union Congress

https://www.tuc.org.uk/