Individuals

Why the migrants seek to migrate and what they hope for:

  • Find a safer place to live
  • Have a better salary
  • Find a better job
  • Have better opportunities for studying
  • Access better public services
  • Face less corruption

 

In extent to these, there are people for whom the motivation revolves around more personal causes like:

  • Having a partner that lived in another country
  • Wanting to experiment another culture
  • Wanting to live in a more civilised country

 

According to the surveys, the following factors limit migrants’ integration in a new country:

 

Learning the language

  • Communication is important in every aspect of our life, in work and free time
  • The nuances vary according to the country. Some languages are more similar to one’s own, and in some countries, English is enough in various cases.

 

Finding a place to live – The rules for the housing markets differ a lot between countries and even between cities. 

  • In some countries, landlords do not rent a place unless they see that a person has a stable job that ensures that the tenant is able to pay the rent since the law protects the tenants and evicting a tenant who does not pay is a long process.  
  • Some apartments and houses are furnished but some not, so the tenants may need to buy their own furniture.  

Integrating into the local culture may not seem like a lot, but for almost half of the respondents this was considered the most important challenge and a long-term process.

 

Integration into a new country involves various aspects associated to:

  • Local language
  • Participating in the countries’ social and economic activities
  • Norms related to work and everyday interaction
  • Faith in everyday life
  • Family and family relations
  • Gender roles, relations and marriage
  • Parenting
  • Food and drink
  • Clothing
  • Etiquette, etc.

These are some tips that can help you find an apartment, a job and adapt to the new society

 

Finding an apartment:

  • Start looking for a place to live as soon as you know where you’ll be working or studying;
  • Your new employer or school may also have good suggestions on the topic;
  • Seek for expat communities in the city of destination and don’t be afraid to ask them for help;
  • For the beginning, you can also consider renting a single room in a bigger apartment/house. This is cheaper and usually faster than finding your own apartment
  • Be careful about the deposits you transfer. While it is typical for landlords to ask for a deposit, this is done only after an agreement was signed, otherwise you risk being cheated and losing the money you sent
  • For the first weeks, keep in mind that one option can also be staying in a hotel/hostel, until you find a reasonable place to live.
  • For periods up to one year, in some cities you can also find studios or apartments to rent that are available only for expats, which offer a much faster process.

 

Finding a job:

  • As much as possible, check the working contract you are about to sign thoroughly. There are numerous cases of employers who trick the employees into signing agreements that are unfavourable for them, resulting in employers not receiving their salaries at the end of the month, working in bad conditions, etc.
  • Check if your education and diplomas are recognized in the destination country, and in case they are not, what do you need to do for that. Often you need translations of these documents, that need to be submitted for recertification in the country of destination.
  • It is also important to understand the mentality of the employers in the new country, related to:
  • The quality of the work you are expected to do
  • Fulfilment of the commitments you are taking
  • Your overall reliability
  • Attitude towards your colleagues and cooperation with them
  • Meeting deadlines.
  • Respecting company policies and rules, and respecting others.
  • Showing tolerance.
  • Keep in mind that for non-EU citizens, the EU countries require they obtain a work permit or visa to work legally.
  • In some countries, you will need to apply for visa in a consulate abroad, usually in your country of residence, which also requires a firm job offer before applying. The employers may apply for visa on your behalf, but this should be agreed before you accept to relocate.